Dietary fibres

For the human organism, dietary fibers are indigestible food components, which occur predominantly in plant foods (e.g. cellulose, a form of carbohydrate).   The two fiber types Water-soluble dietary fibers Also known as the swelling agent, e.g.: Locust bean gum, guar, and pectin. Water-insoluble dietary fibers Also called filler, for example, Cellulose, hemicellulose or lignin. ...

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Protein universal building material of the body

In 1838 Jens Jakob Berzelius first described protein as protein. From the Greek word proteuo, “I take first place”, from photos, “first place”. The word “most important”, derived from photos, is intended to underline the importance of proteins for life. Proteins (colloquially called proteins) belong to the basic building blocks of all cells. In humans, they …

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Carbohydrates Energy supplier number 1

The quantitatively by far largest component of human nutrition besides fat and protein the carbohydrates. The various cereals (e.g. oats, rice, maize, wheat, millet, rye) – as well as products made from them, such as pasta, bread and other bakery products – form the basis of our diet due to their high carbohydrate content and …

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Minerals

Minerals, in everyday use misleadingly often also briefly called minerals (or minerals), are vital, inorganic nutrients which the organism cannot produce itself; they must be supplied with food. Classification of minerals The minerals for the human organism are divided according to two criteria: concentration and function. By concentration: quantity elements – also macro elements, minerals …

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Alcohol – production, effects and degradation

A healthy person who leads a moderate lifestyle, who does enough exercise and sports and who has a balanced diet should not be harmed by an occasional and moderate consumption of alcohol. What is alcohol Alcohol is an organic compound. Alcohol molecules have one or more hydroxyl group(s) (OH) as their functional group. The alcohol …

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Carbohydrates in the morning and protein in the evening

The directive to eat protein in the evening and carbohydrates during the day – especially in the morning – has spread more and more in recent years and is taken for granted today. The underlying physiological mechanisms are also scientifically proven and can be read in every physiology book. Here a very simplified and short …

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