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Pan European Networks: Science & Technology

19

7

RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (continued)

102

COUNTRY FOCUS: FINLAND

102

RESEARCH PIONEER

Pan European Networks explores the work of the Academy of Finland, highlighting recent funding announcements and scientific results

PROFILE:

Hanken School of Economics shows how small can stand for quality, impact, productivity and openness

106

PROFILE:

VTT Technical Research Institute gives a detailed overview of all aspects of its work and history

108

AHEAD OF THE GAME

112

PEN explores how government support is helping to cement Finland as a leading player in the worldwide games industry

PROFILE:

The Phonetics and Speech Synthesis Research Group focuses on both basic research and artificial speech

113

OPENING UP

114

PEN spoke to the secretary general of the Finnish Academy of Science and Letters, Professor Pekka Aula, about fostering a

more open dialogue with the public and how an enhanced level of co-operation between the social sciences and humanities,

and other scientific areas, can help remove barriers to collaboration and aid in addressing societal challenges

PROFILE:

The Faculty of Humanities at the University of Jyväskylä outlines its research on problem solving for Europe and the world

118

FARMING FUTURE

121

In March 2016, Finnish farmers took to the streets of Helsinki to demonstrate their frustration at deteriorating finances in the

agricultural industry, as well as the harmful effects of the ongoing Russian embargo. Speaking to PEN, MTK’s Juha Ruippo,

director of the Finnish agriculture office in Brussels, provides an overview of the situation

PROFILE:

Aalto University’s Department of Forest Products Technology works on the advanced applications of lignocellulosic fibres

124

©ALMAMEDIA

HEALTH

126

CANCER

126

NEW HOPE

Treatment advances and new centres of excellence offer a lifeline to patients with inoperable neuroendocrine cancers

MicroRNAs – HUGE POTENTIAL

128

Professors Marcin Skrzypski and Jacek Jassem, of the Medical University of Gdan´sk’s Department of Oncology and

Radiotherapy, reflect on how far microRNAs can be considered a new tool in cancer diagnostics and discuss ongoing

work at the university which could lead towards improved management of lung and colon cancer

PROFILE:

Scientists from the Warsaw University of Life Sciences take up the challenge to apply graphene plates in glioma therapy

129

BONE MILESTONES

130

PEN outlines some key developments in the prevention, early detection and treatment of bone cancer

PROFILE:

TUM’s Department of Paediatrics and Children’s Cancer Research Centre explore new treatments for ‘silent’ bone tumours

132

MUSCULOSKELETAL RESEARCH

134

HOW SHEEP CAN HELP PEOPLE

Moritz Tannast, MD, and colleagues discuss how the ovine model can prove useful in treating femoroacetabular impingement

PROFILE:

The Umeå Fracture and Osteoporosis (UFO) study is aiming to identify novel targets for osteoporotic fractures

138

MEDICAL CONDITIONS & DISEASES

140

PUT TO THE TEST

Dr Tariq Sadiq spoke to PEN about a new test for the rapid detection and subsequent treatment of four of the most common STIs

PROFILE:

The Research Centre for Control of Antibiotic Resistance introduces the One Health approach to fight antibiotic resistance

144

VACCINE VISION

146

IPROVE aims to establish a clear vision of the priority innovations and technologies to boost research in the field

of vaccines and vaccinology in Europe and beyond. Here, Philippe Denoel and Florence Bietrix discuss the

project’s new vaccines roadmap and explain why vaccination is a cornerstone of public health

A BASIS FOR METABOLOMICS

150

Mass spectrometry-based metabolomics is an emerging tool for biomarkers research in early diagnosis of human disease; MEDINA elaborates

THE END OF AIDS

152

PEN explores the search for an HIV vaccine and the UN’s vision of an AIDS-free world by 2030

PROFILE:

The Texas Biomedical Research Institute explains why in-depth defence is needed against mucosal HIV invasion

156

STEPPING UP TO THE PLATE

160

With tuberculosis a pressing challenge in parts of the European region, the TB Europe Coalition outlines what action is needed

IFLAVIRUSES – THE HIDDEN HITCHHIKERS

161

Salvador Herrero outlines new research which has observed how a virus can ‘hitch a ride’ from one host to the next by using particles

©Wojtek Jakubowski / KFP.PL

© JKK