Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  184 / 304 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 184 / 304 Next Page
Page Background

functions. In order to conduct experimental

studies on kinematic, cognitive and perceptual

processes in human motor action we established

the Cognition and Action Laboratories (Coala), a

cluster of seven well-equipped labs. This structure

provides the environment to investigate, develop

and evaluate new techniques and methods for

future cognitive interaction technologies under the

involvement and participation of the future target

groups (e.g. researchers or elderly people).

Cognitive interaction technology

To facilitate smooth interactions with humans, a

robot or virtual avatar should be able to establish

and maintain a shared focus of attention with its

human partner or instructor. Furthermore, the

systemshould be able to identify problems in actual

action processes in order to react when mistakes

are made, as well as to deliver situation and

context-dependent assistance in a ‘natural’ way by

using speech, gestures and demonstration. Finally,

it should be tailored towards the requirements of

the target groups and should provide unobtrusive

and intuitive support while operating along in a

largely unnoticed and restriction-free manner.

To address the specific research questions

arising from these requirements we work closely

with 30 other research groups in the Cluster of

New cognitive interaction systems

PROFESSOR THOMAS SCHACK AND DR KAI ESSIG ON THE REQUIREMENTS

NEEDED FOR NEW COGNITIVE INTERACTION SYSTEMS

E

stablished ten years ago, the Neurocognition and Action-

Biomechanics (NCA) research group at Bielefeld University,

Germany investigates the movements of biological organisms,

humans and technical systems in natural and artificial environments,

with a special focus placed on human movement and its adaptivity. To

this end, the biological basics, the neurocognitive organisation and the

kinematic and perceptual parameters of human motor functions are

analysed using modern research methods.

Within the Faculty of Psychology and Sport Sciences, the group primarily

represents the disciplines of sports psychology, motor control, and

biomechanics and is dedicated to research, particularly in the areas of

modern diagnostics and corrective intervention techniques, mental

training, visual perception, neurocognitive organisation of movement,

media-based movement-learning, action dynamic testing and sport

anxiety. Moreover, the group works in close co-operation with other

faculties and institutes of the university, primarily with the Faculty of

Biology and the Technical Faculty (in the areas of cognitive robotics,

machine learning, object and action recognition, and virtual (VR) and

augmented reality (AR)). The aim of this interdisciplinary co-operation is

to analyse the basic mechanisms of human behaviour and movement

organisation with the goal of future implementation on technical platforms

(e.g. smart glasses, VR/AR setups or robots).

Cognition and action lab (Coala) infrastructure

To learn about the building blocks of motor performance and its adaptivity

in our memory and underlying brain structures, the Neurocognition and

Action-Biomechanics research group has established different research

lines. State-of-the-art research methods are used to investigate the

cognitive-perceptual organisation and kinematic parameters of human motor

Pan European Networks: Science & Technology

18

www.paneuropeannetworks.com

184

Intelligent Coaching

Space: in a teacher-

trainee scenario, the

virtual coach supervises

the acquisition of action

sequences (e.g. in golf

or Tai Chi) by verbally

instructing participants,

signalling the

movements with

gestures, and assessing

changes of mental

representation during

skill learning to

provide feedback

The Cognition and

Action Laboratories

(Coala) are a cluster of

seven well-equipped

labs for conducting

experimental studies

on kinematic,

cognitive and

perceptual processes

in human motor action

NEUROSCIENCE